When it comes to building -either commercial or industrial – timber is your best bet for a structure that stands the test of time. Offering the necessary resilience and strength, various types of wood offers unique advantages over steel and concrete. In retail and office spaces, wood offers astounding durability, while at the same time, introducing a much-desired aesthetic warmth, which at times, can be absent in such environments.
Wood has historically been an apt choice when it comes to building materials, the advantages of different types of wood still outweigh other products on the market.
- Tensile strength: Wood is relatively a lightweight building material. This means it can outperform even steel when it comes to breaking length or self-support length. Simply put, different types of wood can support its own weight better, which allows for fewer supports, thereby offering larger spaces.
- Resistance to heat and electricity: When dried to moisture content (MC) levels, various types of wood offer natural resistance to electrical conduction. Additionally, its strength and dimensions are also not significantly affected by heat. Wood can provide stability to the finished structure.
- Sound absorption: Wood comes with certain acoustic properties which makes it an ideal choice for minimizing echoes in living spaces. As it absorbs sounds rather than reflecting or amplifying it, different types of wood can help to decrease noise level and provided added comfort. Cork, Acoustic Plywood, and Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) are some of the best types of soundproof wood.
- Locally sourced: A sound forest management program can ensure that wood is available various geographies for construction work. Unlike steel or concrete that needs to be sourced from specific region, adding to the cost, wood can be sourced from local areas easily. This also makes different types of wood a cost-effective option for construction.
- Environment-friendly: One of the biggest challenges to using metals and plastics for construction is that when they are discarded, they take an impossibly long tie to decompose. In comparison, when wood is exposed to natural climatic conditions, it easily breaks down, to add more nutrient into the soil.
Recycled wood for sustainability
The use of reclaimed or recycled wood is not a new concept, but it’s witnessing a surge in popularity with the focus shifting to green building. This type of wood is simply wood with a past life that is now being used for new projects. From an economic and environmental standpoint, using recycled wood for construction makes sense. When recycled, different types of wood can be used for hardwood flooring, decks, wall panelling, tables, countertops, cabinets and anything else where wood makes the central component. On the Janka hardness scale, reclaimed wood is approximately 40 points harder than virgin wood. This entails that such type of wood does not compromise on quality or strength. Additionally, since recycled wood is aged and weathered, it possesses a unique look that is hard to find in new materials.